Explaining the Synod

roadmap of the synod infographic

Have you ever wondered why something might change in the global Catholic Church? Have you ever experienced a change, such as updated Mass translations, and wondered how that happened?

Synods—meetings or assemblies of the faithful or Church leaders—are often the basis for change. In addition to gathering information to help inform decisions at the Vatican level, the worldwide Synod on Synodality is testing a new way to gather feedback from every parish and diocese on every continent. Once this path of communication is in place, the Vatican will have an established method to foster discussions at all levels of the Church on important issues. The roadmap to the right is an overview of the steps in the current synodal process, explaining what the process looks like here in the Diocese of Youngstown.

Step 1: Questions
Global Church leaders created a planning document, defining what questions to ask in the synod, who is responsible for facilitating and reporting, and how to share the answers. In 2021, the Vatican defined 10 topics for discussion, available at

Phase 1: Consulting the People of God

Step 2: Local listening
From October 2021 to April 2022, Monsignor John Zuraw held listening sessions as our diocesan synod coordinator. With the approval of Bishop Bonnar, the diocese published a report at, explaining the highlights of these discussions. The U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) then added our findings to its national report.

Step 3: Continental listening
From December 2022 to January 2023, representatives from across North America met in groups by language to discuss their diocesan and national results. The final report was submitted to the Vatican.

Phase 2: The Discernment of the Pastors

Step 4: Leadership assembly
Starting with a three-day spiritual retreat, participants from every continent met in Rome in October 2023 for an Assembly of Bishops. They ultimately decided to ask two more questions about successes and distresses in our parishes.

Step 5: Local listening—Round two  

Monsignor Zuraw held listening sessions with representatives from parishes in all six counties, diocesan staff and councils. These were summarized in a five-page report submitted to the USCCB. You can read about each local listening session at

Step 6: Leadership assembly—Session two

The Synod of Bishops will meet in Rome in October 2024 to discuss the second round of results and determine next steps. “Only the Holy Spirit knows what the outcome will be from this extensive and collaborative consultation,” says Bishop Bonnar.

Phase 3: The Implementation

Step 7: Implementation

Once the Synod of Bishops approves a final report, Pope Francis will decide which recommendations to accept. This action plan will be communicated online and through diocesan coordinators.

Share To Social Media

Picture of Meagen Farrell

Meagen Farrell

Meagen Farrell is an author, trainer, and woodworker who lives with her husband and boys in Northeast Ohio. She serves as the Communications Manager for the Diocese of Youngstown to help Catholics of all ages to grow in faith, love and charity. Her personal hobbies include reading, swimming and supporting local businesses. Before transitioning to religious education, she spent most of her career in the field of adult basic education, helping fellow educators find a balance between face-to-face and digital instruction. Her best known publication is "Teaching Adults: A GED Test Resource Book" by New Readers Press. She is currently certified in Catechesis of the Good Shepherd (CGS) levels I, II & III. Meagen earned her BA in Religion from Oberlin College, Certificate in Distance Education from Penn State University, MA in Theology and Religious Studies from John Carroll University, and is currently pursuing her PhD in Educational Technology at Kent State University.
Related Stories

Stay up to date with all new things happening at the Diocese of Youngstown. Subscribe to our Newsletter here.

Cookie policy
We use our own and third party cookies to allow us to understand how the site is used and to support our marketing campaigns.